Predictive Coding,

...the brain continually generates models of the world around it in order to predict the most plausible explanation for what’s happening in each moment. Cog psychs call this process predictive coding, and they now believe it can account for most of what’s going on in the brain.

Witnessing Relationships

Witnessing includes the ability to hold the other’s perspectives alongside your own and to see yourself through your partners’ eyes. Witnessing can give an accurate picture of any given interaction and the relationship as a whole. No matter how accurate one partner’s perspective might be, it’s an incomplete picture without the other’s alongside it. With [...]

The Consciousness Deniers

What is the silliest claim ever made? The competition is fierce, but I think the answer is easy. Some people have denied the existence of consciousness: conscious experience, the subjective character of experience, the “what-it-is-like” of experience. Next to this denial—I’ll call it “the Denial”—every known religious belief is only a little less sensible than [...]
Exorcisms on the Rise

Exorcisms on the Rise

I was fourteen years old when I saw The Exorcist for the first time. My best friend’s older brother brought the movie home on a rented VCR tape, and we watched with nail-biting terror. I didn’t sleep for weeks after, and even now when I drive by the famous stairs in Georgetown, I can’t help [...]

Construct Alternativism

Personal construct psychology (PCP) is a theory of personality and cognition developed by the American psychologist George Kelly in the 1950s. From the theory, Kelly derived a psychotherapy approach and also a technique called the repertory grid interview that helped his patients to uncover their own "constructs" (ways of seeing the world) with minimal intervention [...]


A klecksograph by Justinus Kerner, published 1879 Klecksography is the art of making images from inkblots.[1] The work was pioneered by Justinus Kerner, who included klecksographs in his books of poetry.[2] Hermann Rorschach created the inkblot test in 1921 Using interpretation of "ambiguous designs" to assess an individual's personalityInterpretation of inkblots was central to a game, [...]